Introduction to Separation Anxiety in Adults:
No idea is more important to psychoanalytical theory than the idea of anxiety. It is less about the consensus of opinions that accounts for different divisions between different school ideas. All researchers are agreed that anxiety can’t describe simply by reference to some external threat. Usually, in some way processes of instinctive and internal seems to play a dangerous role. But the important point is how these inner forces are developed and how these forces give rise to anxiety. According to recent research in 2013, many alterations were made according to the DSM-5 (diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders), a classification of brain disorders used by psychiatric and medical professionals in different areas of the world. These changes were the inclusion of adults in making struggle with a specific condition previously assumed to affect only adolescents and children known as Separation anxiety in adults.
The disease occurs when the person experiences excessive anxiety or fear concerning separation from the beloved one whom the person is very close. The individual to whom the anxious person is attached is usually a spouse, intimate partner, roommate or a close blood relative. However, in the period of separation, the adult experiences some constant worry relevant to being apart from their family or spouse, have nightmares issues and able to leave the home for work, struggle with physical disorders and other factors that have a bad impact on life.
Thought, separation anxiety disorder is a type of worry and most common in adults because they are separate from their closest family members and adjust their lives independently. These all factors can affect later in life, sometimes prompted by serious life events such as a spouse dies, family movement, or children leave home.
Consequences from Childhood to Adulthood
Separation anxiety disorders have developed during the early life stages of childhood. Sometimes, it may become a major problem due to facing bad experiences the person had as an adult. Many adults with anxiety have suffered from neglect behavior or abuse and other symptoms of Argininosuccinic Aciduria (ASA).
How Separation Anxiety manifests in Adults
The problem is spotting it. Separation anxiety disorder in adults at its extreme level may be noticeable. Those with a devastating attachment with a close relative to the point where the member can’t leave their role without experiencing a panic attack. This situation is very likely to suffer from separation anxiety. Here we mention some examples of those behaviors that could relate to ASA:
- Extreme Jealousy
- Over Strict Parenting
- Stuck in Relationships
There is no diagnostic tool for the Argininosuccinic Aciduria yet, it is very difficult to say about any behavior mentioned above would be included and research work about adult separation anxiety is currently very less. However, there is no reason to imagine that ASA is a real problem and affect the lives of many adults.
Signs & Symptoms of Separation Anxiety in Adults:
Due to having problems in diagnostic tool methods, it is difficult to understand the sign and symptoms of the separation anxiety in adults. The symptoms of ASA related to adult’s personality and it may be a varied person to person. The best way to analyze the ASA is to diagnose the signs of separation anxiety in children and identify how these signs can manifest as adults. In children, symptoms of separation anxiety include:
- Excessive worry about losing these figures
- Distress, when committed to a precise figure or figures
- Anxiety during sleeping when away from a special person
- Anxious, thinking about separation
- Physical criticisms when separation appears imminent.
Physical feelings of separation anxiety in adults
- Racing heart
- Shortness of breath
- Stomach aches
Behaviors of adults:
From the beginning of the separation anxiety, the indications typically manifest in the childhood. There are many symptoms that can develop when an adult is experiencing some mental issues. Assume the mentioned below physical, psychosocial and cognitive symptoms when you are trying to conclude your loved one is battling with anxiety:
- Missing work
- Refusing to leave home
- Social isolation or withdrawal
- Avoiding travel
- Cyclical thinking
- Rejection and anxiety during sleep from the fear of losing someone
- Repetitive or formalized behaviors
- Overthinking during walking, sitting
- Regularly checking up on the location of children
- Refusal to spend time alone
- Reluctance to apply for a job, or to seek a promotion
- Excessive use of sick time from work
- Avoidance of participation in new activities or going places without a loved one
- Cannot go to events alone
- Affected areas or common situations
- Work absenteeism
- Lack of freedom in different domains (e.g. Attending college or university, socialization, dating, seeking a job promotion lead to long hours work or travel, the risk of taking trips)
- Inability to maintain and make friendships due to fear of being away from the primary attachment figure (e.g. Girlfriend/boyfriend, parent, sibling, and spouse)
- Increased dependence among family members
Research also shows the belief of one person who cannot live without their loved one. This quality of life will suffer dramatically. The brains of adults are much more advanced as compared to children brains. So, it is likely that adult separation anxiety disorder will show signs itself in different ways. However, the severe tension at the point of being without a loved one is very likely to be a major issue of the ASA, and a minor variation of the mentioned list would likely fit into analysis and identification. The cognitive symptoms in adults are mentioned here:
- Impaired memory
- Ritualistic thinking
- Lack of concentration
- Difficulty making decisions
- Inability to focus on tasks
The psychosocial symptoms in every adult are different and depend on the severity of the condition. Some common psychosocial symptoms are listed here:
- Guilty feelings
- Ongoing feelings of nervousness
- Excessive and intense fear
- Elevated levels of anxiety
- Co-Occurring Sicknesses
When an adult is facing mental health, it is very common for the person to also experiencing some other mental health complication. The subsequent psychiatric health complications are listed below:
- Generalized anxiety disorder
- Specific phobias
- Personality disorders
- Bipolar disorder
- Posttraumatic stress disorder
- Social anxiety disorder
- Panic disorder
- Depressive disorders
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder
- Possessions of separation anxiety disorder
The individuals coping with the signs of separation anxiety disorder should find the best anxiety treatment instantly, because, there are many bad effects on mental and physical health which are likely to occur. Seeking an appropriate and effective separation anxiety disorder treatment can significantly decrease the chances of dealing with following outcomes:
- Financial problems
- Communal isolation
- Suicidal ideation
- Incapacity to maintain a job
- Development of another mental health condition
- Increased conflict in interpersonal relationships
- Increase in a substance abuse addiction or problem and complications
- Suicide attempts
How to manage separation anxiety in adults?
Mostly, individuals are aware of the definition of separation anxiety. Frequently, it is used to talk about the children, or sometimes about pets. Separation anxiety disorder is considered a grave issue in children because a child is unable to be separated from her or his parents and become more likely to miss out on adverse psychosocial growth opportunities. This condition can further develop anxiety disorders later in life. The important thing is that adult anxiety separation may also consider a serious issue and psychologist have considered now adding it to the diagnostic manual.
Some adults are prone to these separation issues and may not know it, indicating the problems may be more severe than it was considered. Because the adult separation anxiety disorder is only being recognized as mental health complication. There are not a number of treatments that have been recognized specifically to deal with this situation. But some separation anxiety disorder treatment may prove to be beneficial. If you believed someone has ASA, instantly finding help is the initial step. The important step is admitting that you have a psychological issue because combatting ASA takes a serious awareness about your separation anxiety signs. In this situation, you can try the following things:
- Countering Other Anxiety
- Childhood Separation Procedures
- Support Groups
Relevant research of ASA requires to continue previously it is easy to suggest treatment options, but the above-mentioned list has been working effectively for those having ASA in the past. You should make sure that you are treating the stress issues or anxiety issues as well, as these issues fluctuate to worsen ASA signs. These steps helped many people having separation anxiety and recover their fears. Your specialist will recommend the best treatment if you are going to address your signs and symptoms properly.
Risk factor and causes of separation anxiety in adults
In the research field, the scientists have concluded a single recognizable cause of the separation anxiety disorder. Though, in the field of mental health research, believed that the expansion of these disorders develops when certain physiological, environmental and genetic factor is working in combined form. Moreover, scientists have determined that there are many supplementary risk factors which can be the reason of susceptibility of developing mental health issues. These risk factors may include one of the following:
- Physical factors
- Genetic factors
- Environmental factors
The important factor for developing mental disorders is a physical factor. Sometimes, the immune is weak and certain chemical imbalance in the brain area occurs. Specifically, the neurotransmitters are accountable for regulating the impulses and mood are often not controlled properly and can lead towards the onset of mental weakness. When the chemical imbalance develops up to a certain limit, a person’s capability to respond properly is hindered and can develop a worst shock response to minor resistance.
Among those adults who are suffering from separation anxiety, 73% adult meets the analytical criteria for the separation anxiety due to having a family history of psychological health issues. Due to this association between generation, the family members having the same mental illness can be at the risk of developing separation anxiety. In other terms, it is inherited between generations. Especially, these cases true or those persons have affected first degree relatives with mental illness.
Encountering an unexpected life stress issues in which a person is isolated from his or her youngster, serious other, or other adored one can prompt the development of mental health issues. Many cases of life, that can activate this type of anxiety comprise the surprising death of beloved one, encountering a disaster in which one is isolated from friends and family, and having an individual history of constrained detachment from essential guardians amid youth.
Risk Factors for separation anxiety in adults
Many risk factors contribute to developing separation anxiety in adults and more likely to develop adverse effects on mental health. Some of these are listed here:
- Being female
- Experiencing the loss of a loved one
- Being in a romantic, unhealthy or codependent relationship
- Personal history of another mental health condition
- Having a family history of separation anxiety disorder or other mental health difficulties
- Experiencing an unexpected major life change in which one is separated from a loved one
Separation anxiety in adults treatment
The main psychological treatment for anxiety disorder is a therapy known as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT). An investigation has revealed that this therapy is a very operative treatment for reducing and managing anxiety for the long-term. This therapy targets the thinking of the people and acts on the behavioral part of the brain. Separation anxiety Treatment typically lasts for 12 – 20 sessions and emphases on the causes and education of the anxiety, develop alterations in unhelpful ways of thinking to make realistic and balance thinking and experiencing feared situations in a manageable way in order to recover or overcome the situation.
Scientists recommend CBT because it shows more benefits after the completion of the sessions. However, self-help manual also proved t be very helpful for some individual with mild anxiety. CBT is the effective way to treat the condition and research reveal that it is the least effective way of medication. The outcomes that are identified with CBT are long-term and forces to maintain the longer improvements by medication only.